Iowa Youth Bowhunter Sets Record with “Junkyard” Buck!

Iowa Youth Bowhunter Sets Record with “Junkyard” Buck!

One look at the beast and you’ll see why they call him the “Junkyard” Buck.

I mean what else could you call such a giant whitetail?

The chase began back in October of 2015, on a small property deep in the
heart of southern Iowa’s big-buck country.

Doug Knott and his family had just acquired the small parcel (just under 30-acres).

They bought it for the hunting. But they will tell you that, even in Iowa, they weren’t

exactly planning on finding a GIANT that first year on that property.

“We moved the cameras around a bit and got our first picture of the beast on October 05, 2015”, says Doug.  “He was very impressive!”


Here is a trail camera picture of the Iowa buck they call Junkyard.

This trail camera picture of “Junkyard” reveals how he got his name! He has “junk” everywhere on his head! This picture is from the fall of 2016 when he was 4.5 years old.


Doug continued, “As far as we could figure from a few trail camera pictures that fall, the buck had 18-points and would probably score somewhere in the 180’s”.

Text messages started flying around between family members and the name “Junkyard”  buck was justifiably given  — courtesy of their cousin Scott.

“I’ll tell you what —  the Junkyard buck quickly became an everyday mention among our family,” says Doug!

And the hunt for the “Junkyard” buck was on!

Thirteen-year-old Tyler and his father Doug were playing checkers with the buck.

They would get a picture right here and a picture somewhere over there of the buck throughout that first fall.


Trail camera image of the Junkyard buck harvested in Iowa.

Here is a trail camera shot of Junkyard in 2016.


“We were starting to get a feel for the places the buck would spend much of his time with the
aid of those trail camera pictures” said Doug.

Then, on October 27, 2015, the young hunter Tyler and his father Doug would BOTH have encounters with the Iowa monster buck they call Junkyard.

But both with Junkyard buck encounters were in very low light. Not good for taking a shot!

“Then, on November 01, 2015, Junkyard came past my stand nudging does,” said Doug.  “And I thought I made an easy shot”!

“Unfortunately, later we learned that my shot wasn’t so perfect,” continued Doug.  “We learned that a small limb near my stand was cut by my broadhead”.


And so it sometimes goes in bow hunting.


Even the smallest of obstruction between hunter and the hunted can turn what appears to be great luck into a bag of sour apples.

“There was a decent blood trail for 120 yards and then it just stopped”, said Doug of the shot.

“My son Tyler and I were BOTH sick about wounding the buck,” he continued. “However, we learned that Junkyard was still alive through various trail camera pictures of him again that started showing up just a week after that shot”.

“We saw Junkyard off and on during November and his condition pulled at our hearts,” mentions Doug.

“He was clearly hobbling on three legs, and he seemed disturbed by other bucks chasing does around his area,” Doug continued.

And Tyler says, “I watched Junkyard one time as he made a large circle, thrashing trees and making scrapes”.

And it turns out that Tyler came to full draw on the monster Iowa buck that day! But it was a straight-on, low-odds, shot. A shot that is very risky for a bow hunter to take.

A Mature Hunter


The monster Iowa buck was toying with a 13-year old, young man’s, nerves just standing there 15-yards distant!

“I held back and held back and finally had to slowly let down the string,” said Tyler of that encounter.

Resisting such temptation is no easy thing for any hunter – let alone a 13-year-old boy!

But as Tyler’s father Doug will say, “He is a very mature hunter”.

And I can attest to that, even with my limited observations and time spent around him — Tyler seems to have the maturity level of someone a decade or more to his elder.

And his Dad will tell you, too, that his son can shoot a bow (or a gun)!

“Tyler can sit there and shoot small groups into a circle at 50 or 60 yards with his bow”.

But, and back to the story now, having the monster buck of your dreams just standing there near
your tree for minutes on end is unnerving and a hard opportunity not to take – it’s a lot of tempting bait to refuse for any hunter, let alone a youth with limited first-hand experiences to draw upon.

“I ended up drawing back one last time,” quipped Tyler.

Unfortunately for Tyler, the bow’s limb hit something and the shot grazed off.

And the Junkyard buck finally decided that is was due time to get the heck out of Dodge!

And leave he did!  But not before accidentally stepping on Tyler’s carbon arrow, snapping it in half!


Picture of the buck they call Junkyard. An Iowa trophy buck harvested by a fourteen-year-old boy!

Here are trail camera images of “Junkyard” revealing how much difference just one year can make!


The Iowa Junkyard Buck Wins the first round


“We decided that we had our chances at the Iowa beast that year and that that was enough,” said Doug.

“We decided that we’d just let the beast roam that fall and take our chances if he would make it to the next season. We had our chances and he won”!

“So, continued Doug, we just decided to run cameras on video mode and get as much evidence of this buck as we could for the next year.”   “We crossed our fingers that he would make it to the next year”. (I would be crossing my toes too!)

But would he?

“We just didn’t know if the Junkyard buck was still healthy enough to make it through the winter or if some gun hunter would get him,” said Doug.

“We figured he was just 3.5 years old from our experience with seeing him both on camera and on the hoof. But he was looking ragged”.  “We just didn’t know if he would make it but we figured that he deserved a chance at that point so we didn’t go after him anymore that year.”

Only time will tell.


Amazingly enough, as time went on, evidence of the junkyard buck came in via trail cameras!

“We learned that Junkyard was indeed going to survive,” touted Doug!

“We got him on camera in early summer of 2016 and he looked as healthy as ever,”!  “He was heavy and robust”!

And before they knew it another bow season had rolled around.


And it was time for round two with Junkyard.


Doug and Tyler began “seeing” Junkyard fairly regularly via trail cameras starting on September 30, 2016.

And believe this or not, but Junkyard was captured on a trail camera standing right under one of their tree stands in broad daylight on that day of September the 30’th.  Which, oh by the way, just happened to be the same day that Tyler shot a different Iowa monster buck!   This big whitetail “only” scoring 165″!

Not bad, not bad at all!

That hunt took place during the Iowa youth season (and, well, is really a whole other story).

You see, it turns out that Tyler shot it while hunting out of a tin lean-to shanty sort of a deal.

A place the buck was using to bed in for protection on hot days.

Tyler and his dad waited for this buck inside the shanty for about 12 hours — Tyler studying for his home-school work while he waited nonetheless!

And the buck finally showed — and Tyler greeted it with a bang!


Picture of Tyler and his Iowa youth-season 165-inch buck.

Tyer and his 165″ inch Iowa “tin-shack” buck!


And it was a BIG buck — somewhere here or there around 165-inches!

But the buck wasn’t the Junkyard buck and Tyler still had a bow tag! (and a late muzzleloader
tag — and oh, by the way, Tyler shot another buck then too!  Why am I not surprised?)


October 31’st 2016 — The Big Day


“It was warm and muggy on my way into the place we call the “Rob Stand” said Tyler.

“It was just after 8 am. when I saw my first deer”.

It was a buck we called “Slim Jim” and he came right in over a creek crossing trail soon after I’d rattled!”

How big was Slim Jim?  Oh — 170 B & C-inches or so!

But it wasn’t the Junkyard Buck.

“We’d decided that we would only shoot Junkyard that year, so I let Slim Jim walk”, said Tyler.  “Slim Jim would have been my biggest bow kill but we were after the Junkyard buck.

Fourteen-years-old?  Mature hunter?  Dumb question!

This kid is solid as a rock!

Just after Slim Jim walked through Tyler’s shooting lane he caught movement out of the corner of his eye.

“It was Junkyard”, exclaimed Tyler!

And he was on the same trail that Slim Jim had just crossed the small creek on.



Before Tyler knew it, he was face to face with the Iowa mega-giant monster buck of his dreams.

A buck he’d dreamed about many a night!

A buck he’d daydreamed about many a day!

And in just moments, the Junkyard buck had closed the distance to just 21-yards!

“I waited as calmly as possible for Junkyard to close the gap,” said Tyler.

As any bowhunters can attest things happen in a dreamy blur at that moment in time.  The moment of truth or consequences

when the bowhunter releases the arrow from the string.

“Just where did the shot hit the buck,” is always the ultimate question of critical importance at the moment of arrow impact on deer.

“It looked like a good hit but that it was probably a liver hit as well,” said Tyler.  “I watched the Junkyard buck bed down several times before eventually limping off”.

“The whole time Slim Jim stood at about 60 yards just watching things happen,” continued Tyler.

What to do…what to do?

When in doubt wait it out…is the old bowhunter adage that has more truth to it than some people may attest.

“We decided to wait several hours before ultimately making a grid search and finding the buck,” said Tyler.

It turned out that Junkyard had only gone about 200-yards.

“Throughout that whole process — from the time I saw Junkyard at that creek crossing until after we found him, it felt like a dream,” said Tyler. “I kept asking myself is this really happening”?  “Did I really just shoot Junkyard?!”

Yes, he did!

Boy wins round two!


So how big is Junkyard really?


Picture of the Iowa giant buck they call Junkyard.

He’s pretty BIG indeed! Here Tyler hold up the antlers and skull plate of Junkyard!


“We decided to take him right up to the Pope and Young Headquarters in Chatfield, Minnesota, to
have him officially scored”, said Doug.

After the 60-mandatory drying period, the official score revealed a gross score of 226 6/8 inches
and a net score of 222 inches even!

The Iowa mega-giant buck has 21 scoreable points and tons of mass. The Iowa monster buck has over 60-inches of “Junk” in abnormal points!

What a buck – to say the least!

And before the fat lady could sing her last tune that season, Tyler downed another buck: this one
with the help of his trusty muzzleloader during Iowa’s late season!

Only in Iowa!  Perhaps.

Though, it wasn’t as big as either of his first two bucks that season it was a nice buck nonetheless.


Lots of antler inches!


It turns out that Tyler downed over 515-inches of whitetail antler during the 2016 Iowa deer hunting season!

And it turns out that Junkyard is the biggest whitetail buck ever taken by any youth of 15-years or younger in anywhere in the world with a bow!

Not bad, one might say (of course, sarcastically to the n’th degree).   Not bad at all!

But Doug AND Tyler are both as humble as ever and will tell you that they did nothing to deserve
the opportunity to harvest such a beast of a whitetail.

(Well, I’m thinking they must be doing something right and that whatever it is they are doing they
may not want to stop. Good Karma is nice to have following you around).

Interestingly enough, Doug had an age test done on Junkyard so they could pinpoint the buck’s using the
latest technology and most accurate method possible.

It’s forensic aging using the cementum annuli method and it’s very accurate!

It turns out the Iowa monster buck that has come to be known as Junkyard was just 4.5 years old!

A truly amazing Iowa whitetail!

A truly amazing anywhere whitetail!

But mostly – A truly amazing young hunter named Tyler!


Record Iowa whitetail called Junkyard, top image. Tyler poses with the other buck he shot in 2016 in Iowa too!

Here’s a picture of 14-year old Tyler with Junkyard. Oh, and the 165″ buck he happened to shoot that same fall out of a tin-shack!




Note: All Photographs courtesy of Doug and Tyler Knott. Copyright 2016 -- All Rights Reserved.

Harness the Power of the 1031-Tax Exchange!

Harness the Power of the 1031-Tax Exchange!

I remember the phone call like it was yesterday.

The man on the other end wanted to sell his small Iowa farm. And, of course, he wanted to sell it for a good profit. And then he wanted to use that money to buy another, larger farm.

Good idea!

But he didn’t want to pay any capital gains taxes on the land that he was selling.

Another good idea, right?  I mean who does want to pay taxes?

Of course, he may have to pay taxes.  We all do.  Unless that is, we employ a process called the 1031-tax deferred exchange.

What is a 1031-tax deferred exchange?  (or just 1031-tax exchange)


By using 1031 tax exchange, a person can “defer” the gains on the sale of real property into another piece of real property.

Any real property into any other real property. This means you can exchange a farm for another farm, a home, or maybe a commercial building, if desired, for example.

Say for instance that you purchased a 40- Iowa parcel of land ten years ago for $60,000. And, suppose, that right now you have a buyer that is ready to hand over $90,000 for that parcel of Iowa land.

What happens to the $30,000 gain?

In a normal transaction that gain is taxable and in this case would be considered a long-term capital gain (since it was held for at least one year). But by employing the process of the 1031- tax exchange, you would not have to pay any gain on that $30,000 (at least, not at the time of the sale).

The $30,000 gain would simply be rolled into the purchase price of another, usually larger, and more expensive property. Perhaps you found an 80-acre parcel down the road for $160,000 that you’d like to buy, for instance.

Well, now, if you carry out a 1031-tax exchange, you have most are all of the down payment necessary to purchase that 80-acre farm!

The good part is that you can use the full power of the gain instead of getting slammed with paying taxes on it.

This lets you build up to bigger and larger parcels of land much, much, faster and with less out-of-pocket expense than you ever could otherwise!

So, that entire capital gain, usually, transfers into another “replacement” property right after you sell. You don’t, normally, put any of it in your pocket but it does go right into an investment that is typically more expensive than the one you previously had. This is the basis of the process – the 1031-tax exchange process lets you carry gains with you as you step up to more expensive properties.

It’s not hard to see that doing this not only helps save you tons of tax money but it also helps you build up a bigger and healthier looking real estate portfolio over time (whether that was your goal of not).

Some people seem scared or intimated of the process or they think it is something new and “tricky”.

The 1031-tax exchange is used and has been used, by thousands of experienced real estate investors every year as a means to help create wealth and as a means to build up to bigger and better parcels of land. And it can and does do that!  It is not a new or secret process.


How to go about using a 1031-tax exchange.


The first thing to realize is that doing a tax exchange, while simple in concept, is still rather complex.

There are lots of rules and stipulations that must be followed to the letter for this to work.

But, rest easy, a good real estate attorney will handle all of this for you. And you do need one if you are going to do a 1031-tax exchange.

In general, the seller of a property should establish if he/she wishes to carry out an exchange before they decide to sell.

An attorney will set up the required documents for the 1031 tax exchange process to carry out legally and accurately.

When you sell your property for a profit, you then have 45-days to find a suitable replacement property. This is usually a more expensive and, thus, often is also a larger property that you will move the capital gain of the sale of the relinquished, property into.

Once you’ve identified a replacement property, you then have 6-months to close on that property.

Again, you will want a good real estate attorney who is familiar with 1031-exchange laws to carry this out for you!  (They are not hard to find via Google or the good old yellow pages!)

A neutral, third-party, intermediary actually holds the money from the gain of the relinquished property in a trust account until the closing day of the replacement property (known as a “safe harbor”).

An important component of the laws around this is that the seller of the relinquished property never really touches the profits!

Most of the time all of the profits from the sale of the relinquished property are then put right back into a replacement property.

One can keep some of the profits if they desire, but those profits would be taxable (known as “taxable boot money”).  Again, the 1031-tax exchange rules are strict and the procedures must be carried out exactly as prescribed.  

But don’t let that scare you, a good attorney will handle this for you!

You don’t really need to do anything yourself, as a seller, but to concentrate on selling your property. And then on finding a suitable replacement for your profits to go into.


picture of a 1031 tax exchange flow chart.

Flow chart showing the process and power of using a 1031-tax deferred exchange.


An interesting thing to note is that you can carry on this 1031 exchange process your whole life – that is, you can buy and sell, buy and sell, buy and sell, each time making profits that roll into the next using the 1031 tax exchange process.

Each time you do this you are carrying all of the profits from one property into the next – helping you to build more and more acres of land each time you carry it out.

This sort of multiplier effect of being able to use all of the profits, instead of paying huge taxes on each sale, each time you “reload” to get more land is huge!

The 1031 tax exchange process really lets you build up allot of valuable land in the quickest and cheapest way possible. Simply put, you get a huge break each time you buy because you aren’t paying taxes on the profits of the previous sale – the profits all go straight into your new replacement property. This happens each and every time you do this – for as long as you want.

But why do they call it a 1031 deferred tax exchange if you never have to pay taxes on the land that you continue to buy?

Well, at some point, when you decide to sell your final piece of land later in life and want to take the profits with you to live the good life in Hawaii, then you would need to pay the taxes on the profits of the sale.

But maybe instead of taking the profits out of your final parcel of land and moving to Hawaii, you simply decide to “will” the assets that you acquired using the 1031 process to your heirs.

Then – when you die – your property all gets transferred to those chosen and they do not have to pay any of the taxes that you deferred along the way.

No kidding!

They would pay taxes on the property that you gave to them should they elect to sell but they do not have to pay all the back tax-deferred gains that you used to get there!

They would just be taxed on any gain from the sale of the property that is over and above the then appraised value of the property.

There you have it: a quick overview of the 1031-tax exchange process. Keep in mind that I am not an attorney and that this information is just meant as general guidance based on my understanding of the current tax code. You should always seek the representation of a qualified real estate attorney and/or other tax professional when doing a 1031-tax deferred exchange.

Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 (Field Review)

Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 (Field Review)

The Quick Low-Down:



Final Analysis:  The Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 did very well overall in our 12-week, real-world field test.  We give the unit an 8 out of 10.

It’s only real weakness was a rather cheesy design for securing it with a Python-type cable (but we feel no matter what you do, a thief who really wanted something strapped to a tree is going to get it).

Battery life was good, and we have little doubt that it would have been better had we used the suggested lithium batteries.

The fact that every modem needs it’s own data account with Verizon means that it could get rather costly if you added very many of these units to your field-scouting arsenal, as well.  (Just something to keep in mind).

The real question to us is this:  would we buy another one of these units?  (We aren’t given these units, we buy them with our own cold-hard cash).  And the answer is a resounding YES!   These units revolutionize the way you scout using trail cameras.  And we believe the wireless design is the future of trail cameras.  I plan on picking up at least a couple more for next season.  They keep you from scaring animals because you don’t have to barge in periodically to pull memory cards.  And, perhaps most important, they let you hunt what is currently happening instead of what has happened!  This means you can sneak in and hunt stands that are hot right at that very minute!  A HUGE advantage for sure and one that we have taken advantage of ourselves.


The Test:

The Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 is used to connect to a suitable Moultrie camera so that images from the camera can be transmitted electronically to be viewed on a desktop computer or mobile device.

The camera takes the picture and, presto, the picture is pretty much immediately visible on the device!

But does Moultrie wireless modem work?

That is the question.



The Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem is small and lightweight at 18 ¾ ounces or 1.17 pounds (with a full set of 8-AA batteries according to my digital kitchen scale) (easy to transport)

The modem measures: 3.5 x 5.5 x 1 ¾ inches (roughly)

image of Moultrie wireless field modem.

The Moultrie wireless field modem with the Moultrie 888i mini game camera -- all in one hand.

The Moultrie wireless modem is small. Here is in my hand with the Moultrie 888i mini game camera that I used as well.


A free Application is available for Android and Apple devices. The app. Lets you do everything you can on your desktop computer as far as seeing photos and controlling your camera goes.

The wireless modem appears to be well made and was reliably weatherproof in 12-weeks of field use.  (I used the wireless modem in a variety of weather conditions, from 90-degrees Fahrenheit down to -10 zero, along with heavy rains and snowy conditions)

A picture of the Moultrie wireless modem.

The Moultrie wireless modem has rubberized gaskets around the connections to help seal it from fowl weather.


Despite the camera I choose to run with the wireless modem needing a  firmware upgrade, it was still a very straightforward and easy setup.  Moultrie states that you must make sure the camera you choose to use with the modem has the necessary updates — so this step is critical!

The unit did better than I expected with battery life.

The modem didn’t chew through them that bad at all, despite me not even using the recommended Energizer or lithium batteries.

I used Duracell batteries initially because that is what I had. I replaced the Duracell Quantum batteries when they were only down to about 60% just because I was in the area and didn’t then and didn’t know when I would be in the area again or how fast they would go down from there.

I replaced those batteries with Rayovac High-Energy.   Again, because those is what I happened to have with me.

I didn’t expect much from these batteries, to be honest. However, they did very well and accounted for a solid 6-weeks of performance and more than 2,000 photos in some very cold and nasty Iowa winter weather conditions (several days below zero). The Duracell Quantum batteries did well too and lasted 6-7 weeks and accounted for about 1500 photos (the weather during this period was mostly mild and in the 45-90 degree Fahrenheit range).

How much better would this unit have done in a less extreme environment and with the recommended lithium batteries?

The modem was easy to hang on a tree with the included nylon strap. Although the plastic strap-clasp left something to be desired, at least upon first glance, it actually worked well and was easy to use. The strap had plenty of length and according to my trusty tape measure should go around a 23” diameter tree with about 1” inch to spare.

Close-up view of the plastic clasp on the strap of the Moultrie wireless modem.

The plastic clasp on the nylon strap of the Moultrie Mobile Wireless Modem MV1


A picture of the Moultrie wireless modem, showing the nylon strap.


The wireless modem does have holes along the side for which one could use a locking cable in some effort to secure it to a tree from theft. However, the unit, like all units on the market that I am aware of, is made of plastic. Even a stupid and/or lazy thief would not have much problem stealing such a unit, if he/she wanted to.

The Moultrie wireless modem connected fast to the Verizon 3G data network that it must use.  (The Moultrie wireless modem must run on Verizon and uses no other carrier at the moment)

Picture of the Moultrie wireless modem side view.

Status level indicators along the side of the unit tell battery supply levels and data connection strength. The on and off button is right there as well.


In my area, Verizon works pretty well. But, you need to check the coverage map to see if Verizon has good coverage in your area. Moultrie suggests having at least three bars of strength showing on the unit itself for good results with the Moultrie wireless modem.

The Moultrie wireless modem is separate from the camera itself.  Although not a feature in any way of product quality or build, this could be a handy and cost-saving feature if you happen to already have at least one Moultrie camera that is 2015 or newer.  (Note: “A” series cameras have limited functionality with the Moultrie Mobile system according to company data).

Also, whenever the modem decides to quit working, someday, who knows when, it should be cheaper to replace just the modem than a competitors unit that may have the camera and modem combined as one, such as the Covert Special Ops Code Black or Spartan HD Go Cam (I have zero experience with either of these).

Of course, the camera would quit working some time too. But with a combined unit, one would need to replace the whole thing — meaning both the camera and the modem, if either one would go out.


I didn’t really find any problems with using the Moultrie wireless modem. Moultrie acknowledged that they did have some problems with their website but they fixed that issue right away.

The holes to run a “Python” or similar cable locking device around the wireless modem are plastic – easy for someone to steal this unit if they really wanted to. (This is not unlike most every other unit I have seen though)

The Moultrie wireless modem is mass produced in China. Is this good or bad?

And every other unit – but those from Buckeye – are as well.


The story of the test:


Note: As we already mentioned, The Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 works exclusively with Verizon’s 3G data network. So, be sure you have coverage from them before purchasing this system (see map below).

Verizon area coverage map for needed to use with the Moultrie wireless modem.

My Experience with Wireless cameras


For nearly 10 years, I’ve used wireless cameras in the field and have long understood their advantages for hunting. Simply put, they tell you what is happening NOW not just what has happened IN THE PAST.

This is a major advantage of a wireless camera system!

If you see a big buck working a scrape at 2 pm on November 02, for example, then perhaps you can sneak into a stand just down the ridge and intercept that buck.

Or, maybe, just that piece of information will help decide for you better of what could have been a “coin flip” sort of decision over where and of which stand to hunt that evening.  Now, you will go where you just saw a big buck on your camera!

You simply do not get this sort of instant information from a “traditional” trail camera setup.

This is a clear advantage with an “instant” or “wireless” trail camera setup. In fact, I’ve used this sort of instant information myself to harvest a big buck on more than one occasion, over the years!

Another huge advantage with a wireless trail camera system is that you don’t have to traipse through the woods every so often to check your camera. This not only disturbs the very game that you are after but it is extra time and effort on your part as well (which usually equates to extra money too)!

With a wireless trail camera setup, you no longer do you have to drive down to the farm, spending time and money on gas and whatever else along the way, just to check your trail cameras. Now, the pictures are delivered right to your email inbox, or via text, just seconds after being taken!

Talk about convenience and a great money saving advantage in the long run!  This really is it.


The future of game cameras:


I’ve been using wireless cameras for years now but not this type.

I had always used the Buckeye Orion system.

The Buckeye system has been near bulletproof for me, too.  I have two of these cameras setups running pretty much 365-days per year and they work 24/7 for me. I rig them with a solar panel and the only time I touch them is every year or two when one of the $35 batteries decides that it will no longer take a charge. That’s it. And, no, I’m not kidding!  I have no experience with the new, and less expensive, X series of cameras that Buckeye is selling.

The built-in-Ohio Buckeye system has been very reliable for me (and they have top-notch customer service, although, I’ve found that I hardly ever need to use it because their cameras just keep working). However, the Orion system that I’ve always used is expensive and, since I used their computer-based system, my cameras need to be within a mile or so of the base station, which is attached to my computer (the company claims up to a 2-mile range and that may be true over open areas but that is not realistic in the rolling woods where I hunt. I know. I’ve tried to extend the range).

So, I use the Buckeye system on my home farm. But on other farms, where I don’t have a computer within a mile of the cameras I place, I need another system. Buckeye has one.  Bu,t their cell-based system is costly and a beast of a system to set up (I know, I’ve set them up).

I’ve been waiting for a cheaper and easier wireless camera alternative.

A small and a highly portable alternative.

I knew the technology existed so where was it?  How come no one seems to be using this technology?

I waited.

And I waited.

And, finally, someone seems to have delivered an answer.

Or did they?


Does Moultrie have the answer with their new Moultrie MV1 Field Modem?


In October of 2016 I decided to purchase one and find out.

I ordered one from Amazon and a few days later I found myself holding a new Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 (say that 100 times fast!)

And since the Moultrie wireless modem connects to a camera to pull the images from – I knew I needed a camera as well.

I did a little bit of reading up on them and I found several people using the M-888i mini game camera with good results, so I bit the bullet and ordered one of those as well.

After all, I did need a camera to use with the modem. I had a several older Moultrie cameras but the new wireless modem system only works with Moultrie cameras of 2015 and newer.  (It turns out that I am REALLY happy with this camera!  It has been flawless so far and the battery life and image quality have proven excellent as well).

I spent $199.99 for my Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1
And then I spent $148 for the Moultrie M-888i mini game camera.

In total, I spent $347.99 to create a system that, on paper, looks to be very impressive. I could have spent less and gone with a cheaper Moultrie camera than is the 888-i mini. I went with this one because it looked to be a solid camera as far as features go: having 14-megapixel resolution, a 0.7 second trigger speed, a claimed long battery life, and last but certainly not least – and a really BIG feature to me – is that it also has invisible night-time IR.

I thought this camera and this wireless modem should combine to make a really killer combination in the field.


How does it work?


After registering my modem with Moultrie, I was instructed to ensure that my camera had all the latest firmware updates.

You’ll need to be sure that you have fresh AA batteries for your camera and for your field modem (they each take eight AA’s). Moultrie suggests using Lithium or Energizer batteries. Well, I had Duracell Quantum batteries, in my “battery drawer” at home, for some strange reason, so that’s what I put into the modem for its first test run.

Picture of Moultrie mobile modem showing batteries.I was pretty sure that the recommended lithium batteries would probably be best – especially in super cold weather or when ultimate long battery life is desired.  But they are quite a bit more expensive and I would be running my camera close to home and in pretty mild temperatures, at least initially. So, I figured that if the modem ate through my batteries really fast I would be able to change them out pretty easily anyway.  No big deal.

I realized, though, that since lithium batteries were recommended my Moultrie wireless modem might not even work correctly without them.

However, I thought I would just give them a shot anyway.  After all, I had nothing to lose.

You’ll also need a good SD card for the camera.

And one KEY thing I found out, too, is that your camera must have taken at least one picture in it’s “lifetime” before it will work with the modem. That’s really weird, I thought when I read that.  But, okay, easy enough, so I waved my hand in front of the camera and completed that mission.


The camera needed an update


My camera needed an update, according to the Moultrie website, even though it was brand-spanking new.

But, I found out, that this was no big deal. I just followed the directions on the website.

I downloaded the updates onto an SD card and placed the card into my camera. From there, the camera installed the updates with a flip of a switch.

Again, no problem.


Select Data Plan


The next thing to do was to select the data plan, from Verizon, that I desired:

Picture of Verizon data plan to use with the Moultrie wireless modem.

I really wasn’t sure where I was even going to place the camera yet – on a trail, fence crossing, or maybe over a scrape? I might even place it over a small food plot where I could get lots of pictures of deer in a very short amount of time. For this reason, I selected the large data plan for $19.99/month.  (And I found out that this plan was plenty large enough for the photos that were taken over the course of the test).


Setting it up in the field


Next, I simply went out to the field and found a spot to hang the camera and associated field modem. I ended up finding an area adjacent to a small field.


Image of Moultrie Mobile wireless modem and Moultrie 888i Mini game camera on a tree.

The Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 uses a 30- inch heavy-duty USB cord to connect to a suitable Moultrie camera. The cord has rubberized ends to effectively seal out the weather.


I strapped the camera to the tree and then placed the Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 on the tree just above the camera. I then connected the two with the heavy-duty USB cable that came with the Moultrie wireless Modem. I turned on the camera and then the wireless modem and. ..voila!

Everything seemed to be working! (press the “test” button on the right side of the modem to turn it on. The Moultrie wireless modem has various status level indicators showing connectivity to the data server, to the camera, and a battery strength level, indicator).

To be honest, that’s pretty much it! (And this may all sound like a lot but in reality, it wasn’t hard at all to get the system up and running and in short order).

The camera and Moultrie wireless modem sat there, strapped to that little shingle oak tree, for a few months and kept up their end of the promise – delivering me nice images straight to my web page account with Moultrie (you get this page when you initially register the modem with Moultrie. It’s where you log in to view your photos and make adjustments to your camera system and modem).

Now, from my computer – or mobile device – I can do and see all sorts of things relating to my camera and Moultrie wireless modem. Things like adjusting detection delay times, PIR sensitivity level, time lapse on/off times, as well as the resolution of the photo and various other things.

It really IS amazing!

I can be sitting in my tree stand and check photos that came into my email just seconds earlier from a camera just around the corner! Or, perhaps, from a camera across the country that I decided to put on the system!


Picture of Moultrie wireless modem computer screenshot setting view.

Here is a view of the Moultrie website where you can see all sorts of details regarding your modem and camera signal.


Picture of Moultrie wireless modem settings screenshot.

You can see how much control you have remotely. Right from the web page, you can adjust most functions of your camera remotely.


How’s that for convenience?


Is it reliable?


I was expecting problems, to be honest.

But the system was near bulletproof for me, during the nearly 12 week test period.

Actually, the system WAS bulletproof, for me.

I did receive a notice from Moultrie in early January, via email.  They apologized because they were experiencing some issues with their website. However, I didn’t notice an issue with this. And less than a day later, I received an email from Moultrie stating that they were happy to report that the website issue had been resolved.

I was doing some work in the area of the test camera in early December and noticed that the Duracell Quantum batteries that I had originally placed in the modem were down to about 60% (this was after 6-7 weeks and 1200 photos or so). Not knowing how fast they would then drop down to zero percent in the colder temperatures that were moving in, or when I’d have another easy chance to replace batteries, I decided to put in some new ones. So I put in the only batteries that I had, which happened to be Rayovac High Energy.

Were they really High Energy?

I had my doubts about those batteries working very well or for very long in the COLD temperatures that we were starting to have.  But to my surprise, these batteries did really well and lasted until January 23.  So, they lasted 5-6 weeks and were good for about 2,000 photos. I was pretty happy with these results, especially considering that we had some very cold days during this period, including some sub-zero temperatures, and that they weren’t even the recommended lithium batteries.

Despite the cold and the snow and the down-pouring Iowa rains that we experienced during the time that I ran the Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1, the unit performed to near perfection.


Photo of the Moultrie wireless modem.

I found the Moultrie wireless modem made good tight connections with the supplied heavy-duty USB connection cord.


In fact, I would say that the unit performed beyond my expectations.

The Moultrie wireless modem just worked and it delivered what was promised.  It did this 100% of the time during my test period.


Picture of the antenae of the Moultrie wireless modem.

The short antenna screws on and off.


I haven’t talked about the images from this setup for a reason.

That’s because you can use many different cameras with the Moultrie Wireless Field Modem MV1.   Thus, you can have many different levels of camera picture/resolution quality, depending upon the camera you decide to use.  So pictures you get from this system will, no doubt, be dependent upon which Moultrie camera you elect to use and what resolution you have it set to.


Image of Iowa whitetail buck taken with the Moultrie wireless modem.

An image of an Iowa whitetail buck. I selected a medium resolution with my camera settings most of the time. This seemed like all the resolution that was necessary to field inspect whitetails.


Picture of red fox taken with the aid of the Moultrie wireless modem.

Image of a red fox. I played around with my camera’s settings on the Moultrie website access control panel. It is easy to change such things such as image resolution, PIR sensitivity, timelapse, capture modes, etc., all from your computer at home or mobile device!


Picture of an Iowa whitetail buck taken with the aid of the Moultrie wireless field modem.

I was happy using a medium resolution setting with the Moultrie 888-i mini game camera that I used. One can request high-resolution images from Moultrie any time. There is no additional expense for high-resolution images but it does add to the amount of data that comes from the plan that you choose.


Picture of an Iowa whitetail doe taken with the help of the Moultrie wireless field modem.

Image of an Iowa whitetail taken with the help of the Moultrie Wireless Field Modem.


I can tell you this: The Moultrie 888-i mini Game Camera that I used delivered high-quality images.  The images had a high degree of dynamic and tonal range as well as crispness and overall image “pop”. I didn’t expect anything more, especially from a trail camera.

No, you probably won’t get cover material for National Geographic via your Moultrie wireless modem.  But you’ll be able to impress yourself or your friends with some great images of deer and other critters that your system catches day or night. I was, and still am, more than pleased with both the modem and the camera!

Of course, there are other wireless trail camera systems on the market now, too. It seems like this segment of the market sort of took off the last couple of years.

What about those?

Browning makes a camera with a built-in modem, for instance. I’ve heard some good things about this unit. I thought about getting this unit instead of the Moultrie at first. But after I found out that the Browning uses AT&T, I knew I couldn’t go that route.

In my area of southern Iowa, AT&T service is right next to being non-functional. I had to have a unit that relied upon either U.S. Cellular or Verizon.  Those being the only two companies that really had reliable signals in my region.

So one key thing to ask yourself is “what is the best service provider in the area I’m going to put my camera”?  You have to have at least decent coverage for a system to work.

Another reason I choose the Moultrie Mobile wireless modem over a different make is that the other companies all seemed to have their modem built right in with the camera – as an “all-in-one” unit.  (Such as those from Spartan and Covert).

And maybe this seems like a good, or even better, idea at first.

But, after thinking about it, I figured it might be better to have a $200 modem vs? amount more with a camera/modem combination all-in-one setup.  I mean these things are going to break or just quit working sometime, right?

And when they do?

I’d rather be replacing a $200 modem than whatever more it may cost to replace both the camera and the modem as I would have to do given a different unit (even if only one component goes faulty).  So I wouldn’t be hit in the pocketbook quite as hard or all at once anyway with the Moultrie.

And, I like the way the Moultrie wireless modem can be used with any 2015 or newer trail camera, too — instead of just some camera that the modem is built around.

It just seems the Moultrie wireless modem is a bit more adaptive in that regard with different cameras that I may end up with over time.

We will see how the Moultrie Mobile Wireless Field Modem MV1 holds up.

Only time will tell.

But so far, so good!


Moultrie Mobile Field Modem MV1 (Amazon)

Moultrie Mobile Field Modem MV1 is available at AmazonPicture of the Moultrie wireless modem.

Calling All Iowa Coyotes

Calling All Iowa Coyotes


An old friend from eastern Iowa called me, “We really had a great hunt this morning”, he said excitedly. “We set up on a big open ridge and howled at first light,”

He continued on, “Within minutes a coyote howled back seconds and seconds later two coyotes sprinted right at us, full-bore”.  Geez, I said.  Incredible!

“It was definitely exciting, and we got really lucky, my friend continued on, when they both slammed on the breaks at about 80 yards. They stopped just long enough to get off a couple of shots and we got them both”!

Wow, what a hunt!

Of course, a story having such an outcome doesn’t always happen when calling Iowa coyotes. But it does happen, and fairly routinely.

In fact, some sort of action typically unfolds every other setup or so. As long as the hunter is careful and set up correctly, that is.  And, of course, so long as a hunter is in good coyote country and is calling at the right time of day (and year).  (I’m not saying this is always easy).

An absolute key is, to face into the wind with each setup.  A coyote’s nose always knows —  so fooling a coyote’s nose is the first step in calling one to you.

What sort of call?

I like to use an electric caller.

I’ve had excellent results with the Hunter’s Specialties Johnny Stewart predator call (about $35 — it’s a steal). The range for the remote on this goes out to about 50- yards — which is long enough (just barely) and the call has 5 pre-programmed sounds. (They still make this call, I believe, but I think it has been upgraded since I’ve bought mine). This call may be inexpensive but I’ve called in several coyotes and foxes with mine (and even a couple of bobcats). I’ve had mine for several years and it just keeps working.  It’s great for “running and gunning” because it is super light-weight and fits easily right in your pocket.

The Hunter's Specialties Johnny Stewart Predator call. I've called in several Iowa coyotes using this little call!

This little electronic call from Johnny Stewart is inexpensive — about $30 — but it has shown that sure can call in coyotes and other predators.


However, I also employ a more expensive, and louder, FoxPro Wildfire electronic caller (I don’t believe they make this exact model any longer.  I believe the FoxPro Inferno is a newer and more upgraded version — it comes with 75 sounds built-in and you can download up to 200 sounds total onto this unit from the FoxPro web site).

FoxPro, and other call manufacturers, often tout how many different sounds their callers can produce and be can be programmed for. But to be honest, you only need a few different sounds to call in an Iowa coyote.  But, there is no doubt that the FoxPro and other electronic calls on the market are truly fantastic for calling in predators!  A big advantage with these units over the little Johnny Stewart caller previously mentioned is that they are much louder which is great in the wind!  They can also be used with an auxiliary speaker as well to make them even louder.  Plus, their remotes usually operate at a longer range too.

Picture of the FoxPro Wildfire caller. This call can be dialed up pretty loud, which can really help call in an Iowa coyote when the wind is howling!

FoxPro makes some great and sophisticated calls. This is one of their older and more basic models but it works very well in all conditions and is plenty loud enough for most situations.



The various prey-in-distress sounds of the: cottontail, jackrabbit, squirrel, and fawn.  Plus, a few different howls are the calls that are generally used to call in an Iowa “song dog”.   And that’s it. You don’t need a call that is capable of producing 100’s of sounds to call in coyotes, that’s for sure.  (But they sure are nice!)

I’ve called in lots of coyotes with a traditional mouth-blown call.  The various calls that Primos and Dan Thompson put out are usually great.   I really like the Dan Thompson PC-2 for squealing just like a rabbit!


A picture showing two coyote mouth blown calls -- either of which is a good tool for calling in an Iowa coyote.

Mouth-blown calls like the howler — above — and the rabbit-in-distress — below — work well. Their major downside is that predators like to circle downwind and they may pick you off as the source of the sound before you can get a shot.



I like to set up 40-80 yards downwind of the actual call (depending upon the terrain – the thicker the cover is, the closer you’ll need to set-up so that you can see what is happening).

Being able to set up some distance away from that actual call itself is the real advantage of the electronic caller vs. use a traditional hand-held caller. Nearly every predator that comes into a call is going to circle downwind of it – they don’t always do this but they most often do.

So if you are camped out right on top of your caller you may be busted by the nose of the coyote before you can get a shot.

I typically set up my speaker in an open area – so any coyote approaching can see it from quite a ways off. They don’t know what it is from a distance and I think they assume it’s the dying rabbit that they think they hear screaming. I’ve never seen where a coyote spooks from it even at close range and it seems to draw them in out of curiosity – they may think it’s a funny looking rabbit sitting there but it’s about the same size and it seems to me like they believe that is what it is.  I’ve had bobcats come right up and sit next to the call!

When is a good time to hunt Iowa coyotes?

Well, as far as time of year goes, now is a great time.

Coyotes breed in the wintertime, in Iowa, and become responsive to various sorts of howl calls.

Sometimes a coyote will howl back when you howl with your call and sometimes they just sort of come sneaking in. You just never now and so you have to always be ready the moment you start calling!

You can try howling to see if that works first. Sometimes it does. Sometimes it doesn’t. Lots of guys swear by it. It does work but I think having luck with howling is very dependent upon the particular mood they are in during the immediate breeding season.

I’ve found that I’ve had my best luck, however, with a cottontail rabbit in distress call. In my area, rabbits are numerous and the coyotes seem to really key on them as food items of choice. It seems like the success of the rabbit-in-distress call has a direct relationship with the snow and the cold – the worse the weather the better that sort of call works. So don’t let the snow and the cold stop you. That is the best time to go call in a coyote!

But you don’t want to over-call!

In each spot, I’ll call one sequence of calls every 10 minutes or so until I elect to move onto a new location (often calling progressively loader each time).

Best times to hunt are early and late and even at night (full-moon conditions). It’s totally possible to have some great hunts all day long, especially during the winter coyote breeding season and/or when food is sparse.

I’ve found that giving each spot 45-minutes or so is about right. Sometimes, a nearby coyote will come right in when it hears the call and sometimes it seems to take them a while.

New Calling Locations:

When you setup each time, it’s important to get quite a ways away from your previous spot. I try to go at least as far as I think the noise coming out of my call speaker is going!  How far is that? Your guess is as good as mine. Who really knows. Coyotes can hear so much better than we can, so that’s always just a guess.

A key, though, seems to be covering lots of ground with your calling and not over-calling any one area. Iowa coyotes often range huge areas – especially when food is sparse (up to several thousand acres). And, coyotes are cagey smart. If you call one in, or group of them, and mess up, you can plan on calling them in again to be that much harder.

Iowa coyotes — like coyotes everywhere –get wise and get wise quick!  The best bet with calling is to move around widely and cover lots of new areas to avoid educating the coyotes in any one spot.

With each set-up, make sure the wind is as much in your face as possible. And, you will want head-to-toe camo. Being statue-still is paramount when calling as a coyote – or a bobcat or fox – may be silently sneaking in and eying your location.

What gun to use?

Picture of a successful coyote hunt.

A couple of “song dogs” I shot with my trusty .223 a while back. Notice how mangy the one on the left looks!


Anything you want really. A .17, .204 Ruger, .223 Remington, .22-250 Remington, .220 Swift, .243 etc., etc. There are allot or great choices out there and the choice is yours. I shoot a .223 – mainly because that is what I have. It does work well, though. Some folks use a 12 gauge shotgun, armed with buckshot. This would be a good choice for close-in shooting in thick cover where shots could be quick.

Why hunt coyotes?

Some hunters may feel like they are doing their deer herd the grandest of favors when they shoot a coyote.

And while there is no doubt that coyotes do eat fawns and sometimes packs of coyotes may even overcome healthy deer – especially in deep snow conditions where deer may be less mobile – shooting a coyote or two doesn’t really do that much to help the deer herd.  In fact, it probably doesn’t help herd numbers at all long-term.

I recall a college professor in a wildlife management class speaking of coyote population biology and how coyotes populations tend to be cyclical in response to the cyclical nature of rabbit populations.

It turns out that as rabbit numbers build….so, too, do coyote numbers. This continues on over a typical 10-year rabbit population cycle before rabbit populations ultimately crash back to the bottom again – at which point they start right back building up numbers again. However, coyote populations are still high when the rabbit populations crash at the end of their typical 10-year cycle. And those coyotes get hungry because of reduced prey numbers then. So we tend to see them more often roaming during daylight hours during these seasons of higher coyote numbers but lower prey numbers.

Coyotes have built-in adaptive mechanism that enables them to dwindle and shift their population as prey numbers dwindle and shift their population levels.

Something that is pretty interesting, too, is that whenever humans pressure the coyote population, the coyote population tends to increase not decrease.

Coyotes have an interesting trait whereby they increase the size of their litters from an average of 5 or 6 to as many as a 12-16 pups, whenever the human population puts any kind of pressure on their population. Also, when coyote howls are not answered by other coyotes during the breeding season, female coyotes somehow are innately triggered to produce larger litters that year. It is clear that coyotes have an adaptive trait that enables them to survive – maybe even better – when humans put pressure on them. We can reduce coyote numbers by 70% and by the next summer the population will be right back to the original number!  (1)

But just because we can’t ultimately dictate the long-term population level of coyotes and deer herd numbers, by hunting coyotes – doesn’t mean that we, as hunters, can’t make some short-term benefits in regard to our local deer herd by shooting a coyote or two.  By taking a few coyotes we are most likely lowering the stress level of the local deer herd that year by way of reducing the number of stressful deer/coyote interactions. This is a good thing.

Now is the time for some super exciting coyote calling action!  Iowa has plenty of coyotes and calling them in makes for a super exciting hunt!


What do you do with a coyote after you shoot it?

Pick it up.

Bring it home.

Skin it.

Tan the hide and hang it on your den wall.

Or, get it mounted (they make gorgeous trophies – WOW! )

Another option is to take the whole coyote into the nearest fur dealer: they might give you a few dollars for it whole or they might not. You have a better chance of selling it if you skin it and take it in: expect to get anywhere from $10-$35.



1). How the Most Hated animal in America Outwitted us All (By Simon Worrall; Book talk, National Geographic)

Timber Stand Improvement — Is it for YOU?

Timber Stand Improvement — Is it for YOU?


Timber stand improvement (tsi) is something I get asked about quite a bit. Allot of landowners hear about it and wonder if they need it.

What is tsi?


Timber stand improvement is really just a heading under which a few different forest management practices fall.

Crop tree release is one such prescription and is a major practice under the general heading of “tsi”.

Crop tree release means, basically, just what it says.

The process is done by selecting certain trees that the forest manager decides to keep, called “crop trees”. These desired trees are then marked with a band of tree paint (Or a big dot on 4-sides.  The dots are usually reserved just on the really big trees, to save paint!).

A look at an iowa woodland showing timber stand improvement and crop tree marks.

Although the red “crop tree paint line” is fading after five years or so, one can still see the chosen crop tree, white oak, in the foreground.


These crop trees are your “keepers” – the one’s you’ll be managing for. Most of the time these are young trees, those that appear in good health, are vigorously growing, and have, at least, good potential for lumber and/or wildlife value.

What crop tree release calls for, then, is to “release” the canopies of the selected crop trees. This means that any and all trees that have a canopy that is within a few feet of the crop tree should be killed.  You heard me right — killed!  This scares the daylights out of some people.  And I know exactly how they feel.  It’s not easy winding your way around a white or red oak with your old Jonsered chainsaw roaring!  It’s especially not easy the first time you do a tsi job.  I mean it’s hard to think about killing good tree species!

But the truth is, one has to kill lots of trees to make room for the fewer good ones that the site can adequately support.  And support in terms of allowing the crop trees to grow to their full capability.  This 4-sided kill “releases” the crop tree to receive full sunlight to all the leaves on all four sides of the tree.  Thus, crop tree release is done to enhance sunlight to the canopies of the chosen trees.

Picture of an Iowa woodland showing Timber stand improvement with a 3 to 4 -sided canopy release.

This photo shows the canopy of the large crop tree in the back right and a now-dead tree in the foreground. The ultimate goal for the woodland manager with crop tree release tsi is a 3 to 4-sided “release” of the canopy around the desired crop tree.


It has been shown that this process can increase oak mast – acorn — production by 7-10-times the normal amount and, also, can increase the speed of growth by up to 2-times that of comparable trees that have not been released.   Crop Tree Management (PDF from ISU) (tons of great Info Here!)

The value of crop tree release TSI is HUGE to most Iowa forestland acres and there is very little, if any, debate in regard to the benefits of crop tree release tsi.

It is a win-win procedure!

A win for the landowner, in terms of forestland value. (And let’s not forget that cost-share dollars are readily available for various tsi procedures across the state — these can pay you up to 75% of the cost to do a procedure!)

And a win for the wildlife, in terms of fruit and mast production.

Not only is forestland mast production increased, but also the ground cover on the forest floor is enhanced via crop tree release.

However, make no mistake, the GOAL of crop tree release tsi, from a pure forestry perspective, is that of enhanced tree value, growth, and mast production, it is really not to thicken ground cover. That is a wildlife goal and is one that just sort of happens by default in many situations when crop tree release is implemented properly.

So the wildlife and forestry managers all get good results through crop tree release, in most cases (If the wildlife goal is not to thicken the understory, though,  crop tree release may not be a wise choice).

Another prescription that falls under the general “TSI” heading is understory release or site preparation for natural regeneration (SPNR)

This practice is specifically done just prior to, or right after, a major tree harvest. The goal here is to get rid of all undesirable small trees and shrubs that exist (example ironwood, young elms, plums, prickly ash, multi-flora rose, Japanese honeysuckle, etc., down to about 1- inch in diameter). These are not desired because they will shade out and kill the growth of any natural, desired, regeneration that exists on the forest floor (seedling oaks, hickory, walnut, etc.,).

To be sure, and as you may imagine, site preparation for natural regeneration is hard work that is very labor intensive. Again, this procedure is usually done only just before or after major canopy, tree-top, areas are opened up from a harvest or other factor (such as wind damage).

Most Iowa woodlands can greatly benefit from some sort of TSI – most commonly the crop tree release procedure.

In regards to the wildlife end of things – and whitetail deer in particular – both TSI prescriptions really provide a boon to deer.

The increase in sun-light coming down to the forest floor after a tsi procedure encourages a thicker habitat – this means more food for deer. It also means more security cover as well! The end result is that the forested acres become more attractive to whitetails at all times of the year – not just when the acorns are dropping. The result is an increase in deer carrying capacity of your property.

And, think about this, if your timber produces 7-10 times more acorns than does your neighbor’s woods, guess where most of the deer will be during hunting season?

Guess where most of the giant bucks will prefer to be?

And, not just because they get more food and cover there but because that is where most of the does are as well. You guessed it – on your land!

Picture of an Iowa whitetail buck.

There is no doubt about it, deer live in the security cover that crop tree release can produce on the floor of the forest. Food and cover resources for deer are both enhanced by the crop tree release tsi procedure.



A picture of an Iowa woodland showing crop tree release and the thicker understory environment that often happens as a result of this sort of timber stand improvement procedure.

Crop tree release tsi often creates a thicker understory habitat which is highly favorable to deer and other wildlife!


Picture of an Iowa timber showing tsi.

Here you can see that it is OFTEN necessary to kill desired species to get higher quality crop trees. A couple of white oaks were killed here that were too closely spaced to the higher quality, and larger, white oak crop tree marked in the center.


Picture of and Iowa woodland showing crop tree release tsi.

It’s easy to see that crop tree release tsi normally results in a thicker understory habitat. The thicker understory habitat provides more food for deer and also better security and thermal cover as well. It also provides a favored nesting habitat for wild turkeys.


No doubt about it – TSI is not only a HUGE boon for your trees but it’s also a HUGE boon to your deer population!  Just to let you know, in case you may be wondering, timber stand improvement in general, and crop tree release tsi in particular, are the first things I do when I acquire a property.  It just makes your property better and more valuable!

Instead of asking why do tsi, the better question is why in the world not do timber stand improvement?

It’s certainly a win-win deal!




10 Iowa Winter Tree I.D. Tips

10 Iowa Winter Tree I.D. Tips

Many Iowa landowners are really into managing wildlife and wildlife resources on their properties these days. That’s really good! And many landowners really understand the value of doing wise forest management. That’s fantastic too! But, while all intentions are good, many Iowa landowners could probably use a little help with tree identification. Let’s face it, identifying trees is no easy task, especially in the wintertime when most of the leaves are on the ground. Let’s take a look at a few quick pointers that should help you in your wintertime Iowa woods in regard to tree identification:


1).  Walnut vs. Cottonwood

Picture of walnut tree with inner bark exposed.

A quick slice into the outer bark of a black walnut shows that it has a dark inner layer.


Picture of Iowa cottonwood tree with inner bark exposed for better Iowa winter tree identification.

The inner bark of the cottonwood is light colored — not dark, like the black walnut.


That’s right – these two species often get confused.  Sometimes really confused!  In fact, a forester friend of mine recently told me of a class he was teaching a while back on marking timber sales. The class members were let loose on a property and came back with over one-hundred thousand dollars worth of value on a bunch of big black walnut trees – some with veneer quality! They turned out to be all cottonwoods, with little to no value!

BIG mistake!

And these were forestry students with allot of education under their belts. This makes it pretty clear that you aren’t alone if you are getting the two species confused in your wintertime Iowa woodland. Check out the photo above for a quick way to tell the two apart with a little help of your pocket knife.  Note, too, that ash can also be easily confused with black walnut. The same knife technique works on the bark — the ash has a light colored inner bark while that of the walnut is dark. The same knife technique works on the bark — the ash has a light colored inner bark while that of the walnut is dark.


2).  Bitternut hickory:

A picture of bitternut hickory bud, showing mustard color for better Iowa tree wintertime tree identification.

The mustard-colored bud of the bitternut hickory is a telling feature.

This is a common understory tree in southern Iowa and if can get big, too.  It doesn’t just stay in the understory like hophornbeam (ironwood).  You’ll find bitternut hickory in the uplands mixed in with various oaks, You’ll find it in upland timber areas, commonly, mixed in with various oaks, hickory, and other species.  It’s common on moist slopes and in bottomland areas too. You can recognize it in the understory by the mustard-colored buds (picture above).


3).  American Elm

Picture of American elm tree showing buttress roots for easier Iowa wintertime tree identification .

This white — American – elm show the buttress root characteristic that it ofen has.


Picture of elm trunk.

The twigs of the elm are much thinner than that of an oak — and the buds of the elm are much smaller too.


This tree, believe it or not, can be confused with white oak.  And it’s best not to do that if you are doing timber stand improvement on your land! Elm has a thinner outer bark and smaller buds and twigs, than does white oak. American elm also, often, has somewhat of an exposed buttress root system. This can help separate it from white oak which too, which are less likely to have this trait.


4).  White vs Red oak

picture of white and red oaks on an Iowa hillside.

This photo shows the distinctive color difference of the black oak and white oak (white oak in the foreground).


There are two oak groups in Iowa. The red oak group and the white oak group. The white oak group has five species and the red oak group has six species in Iowa. The white oak group has – which oak, chinkapin oak, bur oak, post oak and swamp white oak. The red oak group has red oak, black oak, pin oak, northern pin, blackjack oak, shingle oak A quick guide to separate the two groups is – and you probably saw this one coming –  the color of the bark. The white oaks have whitish or lighter colored bark, as you may have also guessed. The red oak species have darker bark (usually).  (See pictures above). Black oaks – a member of the red oak group, are a typical species in southern Iowa that mix in with the red oaks.

Unfortunately,  Oak Wilt kills many really nice red and black oak trees in Iowa.  It’s a disease that can be contained somewhat through good management practices but it still can reak havac on your forestland acres.  Fortunately, the white oaks are pretty resistent to oak wilt and it doesn’t effect them very much normally.  Oak Wilt PDF (ISU)

Picture of a red oak in Iowa.

The smooth flat-topped ridge of a red oak helps to distinguish it from a black oak, which has rougher bark. Also, red oaks tend to have less lower branching than do black oaks. (But the two species do hybridize and that confuses the issue!)


The bark of black oak tends to be rougher than that of true red oaks and black oaks tend to have more lower branches – on average – than do the white oaks.  True red oaks often have flat and fairly smooth ridges that are often lighter in color than the rest of the bark — ridges that may form sort of a loose diamond pattern on the tree trunk. Black oak and red oak can hybridize and take on characteristics of both. You tend to find more red oaks on north and east slopes and black oaks tend to occupy the dryer sites. White oak and black oaks often occur in roughly the same areas.


5). Shingle oak (red oak family)

Picture of shingle oak leaves. Helps with Iowa wintertime tree identification.

The leaves of the shingle oak have no lobes — a telling feature!


Members of the red oak family tend to hold onto their leaves well into, and even throughout, winter until the buds start to swell in the spring.  That’s something good to remember. And for sure, shingle oak, black oak, and pin oak can look allot alike! But, you can tell shingle oak easily by the leaf. Shingle oaks have a single, elliptical, oval, shaped leaf with no “lobes”.  (picture above). No other Iowa oak has a leaf that looks anything like this.


6). Ironwood (Hophornbeam)

Picture of Iowa ironwood tree.

Hophornbeam — ironwood — gets this size and a bit bigger and often forms into dense stands in the understory. It can look like young white oak, but the leaves of the ironwood resemble those of an elm, not an oak, and the twigs and buds are slender and small on the ironwood.


Ironwood can fool you into thinking that you are looking at a young white oak. Ironwood is a common understory tree and often forms dense stands. It often carries leaves in the winter that resemble elm (not oak). Also, the bark is thinner than oak and so are the twigs and buds.


7).  Ash

Picture of Iowa ash tree with inner bark exposed.

Cutting into the bark of an ash tree will tell you if it’s really a walnut — since the two are easily confused. The ash tree has light inner cambium and the walnut is dark.


I remember as a kid riding my motocross bike up and down our gravel driveway with my friends. We had a lot of fun racing them around that’s for sure.  Though, I’m not quite sure how much the neighbors loved the noise! It’s a weird recollection to be sure, but every time I see the bark of a big old ash tree it reminds me of the tread I used to see on the back tire of my friends Suzuki RM 80 that always seemed to be in front of me! If you examine the bark of an ash, especially on a big older tree, you’ll also notice that it forms a diamond sort of arrangement across the surface, and the “peaks” sort of look like the tread of a dirt bike (sort of, you have to use your imagination a bit!) And as you can see from the picture above — the knife in your pocket will separate this tree from any possible confusion with this tree and the black walnut.

As for the twigs on ash trees, they have an opposite arrangement. This is a dead giveaway, in comparison to walnut and some others they may be confused with. (picture below) Also, the dreaded emerald ash borer is killing ash trees all over Iowa.  The young ash tree pictured below — bottom right — is a recent victom and is showing signs of the disease.  Unfortunately, there are several diseases and insects that kill trees of various species across the state.  You can find out more about all sort of tree diseases/pests/problems.

ash tree branches showing opposite arrangement.

Branches arranged in “opposite” formation from each other is a key characteristic of ash — this easily distinguishes it from any walnut confusion!


Picture of ironwood tree in Iowa for wintertime tree identification.

The emeral ash borer has moved into Iowa and is killing the ash trees! This young tree is showing serious symptoms of the disease.


8).  Hackberry

Hackberry tree -- left side. In Iowa, hackberry tree photo to help with wintertime Iowa tree identification.

The two hackberry trees — on the left — have deep rough ridges. (elm tree far right). The hackberry tree is pretty easy to identify once you’ve seen it a few times and it’s a good wildlife tree.


Hackberry tree often have deep cuts and ridges in the bark forming a very rough outer bark layer. A common tree with a good wildlife value – various animals eat the seeds. No other tree really looks that much like it, in Iowa, that I can think of.  But you still need to know what it looks like to identify it!


9).  The dreaded honey locust!

The thorns on the honey locust can run up to 8- inches or so and are very sharp. One interesting thing about these trees is that bout 10% of them, in Iowa, are thornless. The trees that do have thorns can easily go right through your boot or tractor tire, so watch out!   But, honey locusts are great trees to leave for deer because whitetails love eating the seed pods in winter.  Deer often seem to favor pods off certain trees vs. other for some reason.  This one is easy to I.D!  (Black locust trees may seem similar but tend to form straighter trunks and have smaller spines, than that of honey locust trees.  Black locusts were often planted in the “pioneer” days for fence posts and firewood, and you can see groups of black locust tree, often, around homesteadsteds.

Picture of honey locust tree in Iowa.

Most people can’t mistake this tree for anything else — the honey locust. It has scary sharp spines that’ll go right through a tractor tire or boot. But, it does produce seed pods that deer love to eat in the wintertime!


10).  Shagbark Hickory

This one is pretty easy for most folks to I.D., because of the long scaly bark.  A common upland tree in Iowa, occurs in groups of mixed with oaks.  Can dominate dryer sites.

Picture of a shagbark hickory tree in Iowa. The bark makes this one easy for Iowa wintertime tree identification.

The scally bark of this shagbark hickory is hard to confuse with anything really. These trees are common in the upland woods and can dominant dry sites.


For more help identifying tree in Iowa be sure to check out ISU’s interactive tree guide!

We also have lots of useful resources on our resources page (makes sense, right?)

You might want to get Iowa Trees and Plants Iowa Trees and Plants (PDF)